Vastu Purusha Mandala

Vastu Purusha Mandala is a vital portion of the Vastu Shastra and represents the diagrammatic and mathematical basis for design generation. Here, Purush depicts the power, energy, cosmic man, or soul whereas Mandala forms the generic name for any type of plan or chart that constitutes the cosmos symbolically or metaphysically, which is universe's microcosm. Vastu Purush denotes the emphasis of an area by resting his head in the direction of north-east which is a balanced thinking and his lower-body facing the south-west direction that signifies strength and stability. In the center is his navel, which depicts cosmic awareness, and his hand facing towards north-west and south-east depicting energy and movement. Vastu Purusha is embodied with space and vastu purush story says that he was taken birth from the perspiration of Lord Shiva. This is the time when demon Andhaka was killed by the Lord.


Vastu Purush Mandal is identified with a plan, whether it is for offices, houses, temples, or other sacred structures. Symbolically it signifies three features of a structure such as the sookshma, sthoola, and para. Most of the vastu shastra texts speak about the 81 module plan for human habitations that are non-religious structures and 61 module plans for divine habitation. However, mandala is enclosed with an area of space and vastu purusha is finely enforced in to it to signify the birth of a form from nature. There are 45 deities who hold of vastu purusha with 32 in the external enclosures and 13 in the internal enclosures. Also, these deities are offered with fruits and food before the construction of any structure by an act of pleasing vastu purusha who bestows prosperity, health, happiness, and peace to the inmates.


Vastu Purusha Mandala concept goes outside the physical features of construction. When the modern architects discover the physical features of a structure in terms of ventilation, beauty, location, and sunlight orientation, the ancient scholars viewed in spiritual, metaphysical, and elusive characters of structures too. Moreover, the mandala renders an effective design module for positioning the different habitation rooms, their measurements that are related to a group of six formulae actually known to as the Ayadi Shadvarga. While looking on to this, the ancient scholars did give much importance to the convenience and comfort of the residents by means of sunlight and ventilation.


It is very crucial to place the deities in particular areas of the mandala while deciding to place the walls, foundation, columns, and pillars. The more sensitive and important structural area is the 'Brahmastana' or the important nine modules of the 81 module plan. It is in fact left opened as a courtyard in the residences or human habitation which holds a shikara pyramid related on the paramasayika mandala. The Brahmasthana is perfect as the holy place in the temples or the divine habitations.


Likewise, Vastu Purusha Mandala can be accommodated to the several design needs of temples, residences, offices, factories, sub-divisions, departmental stores, and many other constructionss. They are entirely designed for all human as well as divine habitations as stated above.
















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